A microbiome is a community of microorganisms that live in or on an organism. The gut microbiome is the collection of microorganisms that live in the digestive tract. Gut microbiota are the bacteria, archaea, viruses, and other microorganisms that live in the gut. ... The gut microbiota play an important role in human health and disease.
The gut microbiota are involved in many aspects of health, including digestion, metabolism, immunity, and brain function. They may also play a role in diseases such as obesity, diabetes, heart disease, and cancer. ... researchers are working to develop tools to measure the gut microbiome. These tools may help us better understand how the gut microbiota affect human health and disease.