The gut microbiome is a complex and diverse community of bacteria that plays an important role in human health. Recent research has shown that the gut microbiome is involved in a wide range of physiological processes, including digestion, immune function, and metabolism. So what does the gut microbiome do in a healthy person? Here are some of the key roles played by gut bacteria: 1. Aid in digestion: Gut bacteria help to break down food into nutrients that can be absorbed by the body. They also produce enzymes that help to digest carbohydrates, proteins, and fats. 2. Influence the immune system: Gut bacteria influence the activity of the immune system and play an important role in immunity against infection. 3. Affect metabolism: Gut bacteria regulate energy metabolism and help to maintain a healthy weight.
what does bacteria do in a healthy gut microbiome?