what is human microbiome definition?
Your microbiome is all of the bacteria and other microbes that live on and in your body. Many of these microbes are beneficial, helping you digest food, make vitamins and hormones, and fight infection. But scientists are just beginning to understand the important role your microbiome plays in your overall health.
The human microbiome has been estimated to contain tens of trillions of microbial cells, outnumbering human cells by 10 to 1. And while each person’s microbiome is unique, it’s thought to be influenced by factors such as diet, lifestyle, age, geographic location and ancestry.What does the human microbiome do?
The human microbiome performs a variety of essential functions including:
- Digesting food
- Producing nutrients like vitamin B12 and K
- Regulating gene expression
- Preventing overgrowth of harmful bacteria
- Fighting infection
Scientists are still learning about the many ways in which the human microbiome influences health. But there is growing evidence that disruptions to the gut microbiota (the bacteria and other microbes that inhabit the gut), can lead to problems like obesity, diabetes, heart disease, asthma and allergies.How can I influence my human microbiome? There are several ways you can influence your human microbiome: [List items]