Your gut microbiome is a complex and important system that helps keep you healthy. But what is it, and what does it do?
The gut microbiome is a collection of microorganisms in your digestive system. These bacteria, fungi, viruses, and other organisms work together to break down food, extract nutrients, and protect you from harmful pathogens. In fact, the gut microbiome may be as important as your immune system in keeping you healthy.
Your gut microbiota changes over time, depending on your diet, environmental exposures, and health status. It's thought that a diverse gut microbiome is important for overall health, and that disruptions to the gut microbiota may play a role in diseases like obesity, type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and cancer.
So how do you take care of your gut microbiome? eat a varied diet high in fruits and vegetables, exercise regularly, avoid excessive alcohol consumption, and don't smoke. And if you're having trouble maintaining a healthy gut microbiota balance, consider taking a probiotic supplement.